Figure 1: Supply chain perspectives
The supply chain focuses on how to deliver value to the customers. It is concerned with how goods and information flow between the different supply chain partners with the objective to deliver a service or a good to a customer. It is a common approach to divide a supply chain into steps or stages: from sourcing/ procurement to production to warehousing to customs clearance to distribution to final delivery to the customers.
PSC has adopted a systematic division of the supply chain process into basic steps, in order to simplify the understanding of the series. It has explained it through separate training modules (shown in the figure below). The concept relies on explaining the relationship between the multiple commercial partners, such as the customers, the producer, intermediary service providers, customs services and the related ministries. Understanding the relationship between these different parties will ease the process and reduce the time needed to complete the processes of import and export, thus reducing their cost.
The different perspectives of international supply chains considered in this training framework are summed up in the picture above.