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Research Papers
 
Comparison Study between Exporting from Jordanian Port and Israeli Port  - NEW
(May 2013)
 
This report outlines and explains the hardships which Palestinian importers and exporters encounter when they import from and export to foreign markets as a result of the full Israeli control of all national borders.  More
  A Study on the Proposed Mobile Scanner at King Hussein Bridge
(July 2012)
 
King Hussein Bridge (KHB) is currently the only truly international border crossing in the West Bank and serves West Bank enterprises that import and export to and from Jordan, the greater Middle East region, and countries further eastward. However, even with the great potential it provides to Palestinian foreign trade with regional markets, most Palestinian shippers prefer to use the Israeli ports of Haifa and Ashdod, rather than KHB, to transport their merchandise to and from regional and international markets. Representatives of the Palestinian shipping community report that they hesitate to use KHB as the main gateway for their imports and exports due to the trade obstructive policies and procedures instilled by the Government of Israel (GoI) at that crossing. More
   A Study on the Problem of Palestinian Trade via Israeli Ports
(April 2012)
 
In light of it being an occupying power, Israel acquired unilateral control over all of the main borders and transport routes used by Palestinian shippers. Exacerbated by the occupied Palestinian territories’ (OPT) landlocked status, Israel’s control over all international gateways and transport routes has isolated the Palestinian economy and rendered Palestinian trade completely dependent on Israel’s politically motivated trade policies and procedures. More
 

Export / Import Guide via King Hussein Bridge 
(October 2009)

The framework in which the Palestinian foreign trade regime operates is set out in the Protocol on Economic Relations between the Government of Israel and the PLO, signed on 29 April 1994 (the Paris Protocol). This Protocol governs the economic relations between the two parties during the Interim Period. The present regime links Palestine to a large extent to the foreign trade regime of Israel and thus to its rights and obligations under the WTO. Import into, and export from, Palestine to third countries is largely bound by these rules, except where the Paris Protocol exceptionally offers room for autonomous foreign trade policy of the PNA. More

   
Facilitating Palestinian Global Trade through Jordan and Egypt
(October 2009)
 
Palestine is based on a free market economy where the government role is dedicated to facilitating, developing and regulating trade with no intention of competing with the private sector. Article 21 of the amended Basic Law of 2003 provides that “The economic system in Palestine shall be based on the principles of a free market economy”. Since its inception in 1993, the PNA has worked towards a free market economy in Palestine. For this purpose, the PNA promulgated several statutes in an attempt to develop and regulate the Palestinian market. As a result, Palestinian foreign trade has not been constrained by direct intervention in the economic process by the government and the Palestinian private sector has taken a leading role in shaping the development of foreign trade. More
   
Pre-requisites for King Hussein Bridge as a Gateway to the World
(October 2009)
 
With the closing of Damya Bridge, the King Hussein Bridge (KHB) is now the only international border crossing in the West Bank. Despite the fact that all trade between Jordan and Palestine has since been diverted to the KHB, the Bridge has been left with insufficient infrastructure and poor management.
 
The following paper aims to present the main aspects of the KHB, identify the impediments to its effective functioning and propose recommendations to improve efficiency and security of trade flow between Jordan and the West Bank. The general background of the Bridge includes its location, operational history, and covers the main trade agreements that pertain to Palestinian businesses and their foreign markets, most specifically the Paris Protocol of 1994. More
   
Pre-requisites for Rafah Crossing as a Gateway to the World
(October 2009)
 
The Gaza Strip is an isolated enclave as a result of the closure of its terminals. Only 35 varieties of food and emergency goods and aid truckloads are allowed to enter. Today this blocked situation is not satisfactory and the AMA is not respected.
 
Reopening the Rafah Crossing to and from Egypt is necessary to improve the situation in Gaza, and to fulfill the AMA, but some issues must be addressed: the re-opening of Rafah Crossing, the rehabilitation of Rafah Crossing commercial terminal to/from/ via Egypt, the authorization for imported containers to be palletized when in transit through Suez Canal Container Terminal, the revision of the AMA, the adoption of a door-to-door system instead of the back to back system, the reduction of the customs and security escort for Palestinian cargo in transit and the construction of a logistics center for packing and re-packing goods on the Egyptian side of the Rafah Crossing. More